is a Port of Call by the
USS Hassayampa AO-145
WESTPAC Replenishment Ship
known to the early Arab traders as it can be found marked on their
maps, but the first visitors from Europe where the Portuguese, who
landed in 1510. They used the island as a victualling stop on the way
to Goa and Malacca but did not settle. The first attempt at
colonisation was made by the Dutch, who arrived in 1598 and named the
island Mauritius after Prince Maurice of Nassau. They introduced sugar,
Malagasy slaves and a herd of Javanese deer. But they were also said to
be responsible for the disappearance of the magnificent ebony forests
and the extinction of the famous dodo. They eventually abandoned their
settlements in 1710.
Mauritius gained independence from Britain on 12 March 1968, and since then has been an independent sovereign nation within the British Commonwealth. Under the Coristituion, which is bad on the held every five years. On 12 March 1992, Mauritius became a Republic.
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