WWII Victory Ships

Click image above for LARGE VIEW
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.Specifications: Displacement: 4,480 t.(lt) 15,580 t.(fl)
Length: 455'   Beam: 62'   Draf: 29' 2"   Speed: 15.5 kts.
Complement: Officers 12 Enlisted 87
Propulsion: [1] Westinghouse Cross Compound Steam Turbine View VIDEO
                 [2] Babcock and Wilcox header-type boilers, 525psi 750°
     [double] Westinghouse Main Reduction Gears     [single propeller] 6,000shp
    [2]turbo-drive 300Kw 120V/240V D.C. Ship's Service Generators
Fuel Capacity: NSFO 18,575 Bbls
Cargo Capacity: 7,800DWT non-refrigerated 453,210 Cu ft 
Largest Boom Capacity 50 t.
Armament: [1] single stern mounted single 5"/38 cal dual purpose gun mount
                 [1] single bow mounted 3"/50 cal dual purpose gun mount
                 [8] single 20mm AA gun mounts
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<---There is a big difference - See LIBERTY SHIP
 
The Liberty ship's maximum speed was 11 knots, making them easy prey for submarines. Early in 1942 the US War Shipping Administration began work on a design for a faster ship. Cross-compound steam turbine engines with double reduction gears were designed to deliver 6,000 or 8,500 horsepower, and could make up to 17 knots, significantly faster than a Liberty. Ships of this new class were to known as "Victory" ships (officially a VC-2). At 455 feet in length they were slightly longer than Liberty ships, and 62 feet wide. Victory ship profiles would feature a sleek, raked bow, and a "cruiser" stern, markedly different from a Liberty ship profile. The most readily evident difference was the raised forecastle, in contrast to the level profile of the Liberty ships.

The ship profile and the construction techniques of the Victories were different from the Liberties. One important feature of the Victory ship was in the internal design of the hull, the ship's framework. The Liberty ships had the frames inside the hull set 30 inches apart. This made the hull very rigid. This rigidity caused the hull to fracture in some of the ships. The Victory ships had their hull frames set 36 inches apart. Because the hull could flex, there was less danger of fracture.

A Victory Ship was armed with six single 20mm Oerlikon guns, a 3-inch/50-caliber gun forward, and a 5-inch/3-caliber gun aft. The mounts for each weapon, include the circular steel splinter shields for the bow and stern guns. The majority of the space in the poop deckhouse was for the ship's 28-member Armed Guard, which manned the guns. Their quarters and mess were at the main deck level, while below, accessible by trunk, is the magazine, with shell hoist.  Read more at: Global Security


GOTO: SS RED OAK VICTORY Page
       

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