|USNS Meteor T-AKR-9
Roll On - Roll Off History
Sea Lift (T-LSV-9, later T-AK-278) was an early ro-ro ship, modified version of the original Comet. She retained standard break-bulk fewighter booms, but vehicles could drive aboard via the stern ramp and side doors.Specifications:
Displacement: 9,154 t.(lt) 21,480 t.(fl)
Length: 540' Beam: 83' Draft: 24' Speed :17.9 kts.
Complement: Full Operational Status; 34
 600psi Combustion Engineering top-fired boilers
 De Laval Geared turbines, twin shafts,
 General Electric main generators
Meteor A rocky or metallic body travelling through space.
Sea Lift The transportation of cargo and passengers by sea.
Sea Lift Class
Roll-on/Roll-off Cargo Ship:
The USNS Meteor T-AKR-9; on August 7, 2015,
Departed on to Brownsville.
Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) was established under the Navy department on 2 August 1949. It took over army and navy ocean transportation shipping, but not the army's harbor and inland waterways craft. MSTS ship designations were prefixed by the letter "T", and the ships were designated USNA (U.S. Naval Ship) rather than USS. They were operated by civilian service mariners 9later, largely by contractor personnel). MSTS became the Military Sealift Command (MSC) on 1 august 1970. In the 1980s, as part of another attempt at service unification, MSC was folded into a Joint Transportatiion Command. The navy resisted the change, because in addition to its sealift function MSC operated some important purely naval auziliaries, such as T-AGOSs (sonar surveillance ships) and major underway replenishment ships; it was far less expensive to operate many of these vessels on a quasi-civillian basis.
MSTS continued wartime efforts to develop cargo ships well suited to military-type cargoes, particularly heavy vehicles. MSTS adopted ro-ro in T-LSV7, USNS Comet SCB-236. Comet was described as the result of a three-year study by Buships, MSTS, and the U.S. shipping industry. Her merchant ship status was indicated by her Maritime Administration designation, C3-ST-14a. Her designation was changed from T-AK to T-LSV in 1963. Comet met a long-standing army requirement to transport large quantities of all types of army vehicles. Beside her conventional holds (served by booms, with capacities up to 60 tons) she had two holds into which vehicles could roll via either a stern ramp or by booms.
Draft was an important consideration in the design. For example, the northern 600 miles of the western coast of Europe include 66 ports leading to highly developed inland transportation systems. the ship could enter 39 of them at her vehicle cargo full load draft of 22 ft, although not at her conventional cargo full load of 27 ft. The development included the ro-ro USNS Meteor (T-LSV-9), originally Sea Lift).
From the book "U.S. Amphibious Ships and Craft: an Illustrated Design History" By Norman Friedman