OSLO,  Norway
2nd Fleet
Replenishment Ships

  AO-147 made port here in 1958
per current records on hand....

Oslo is an interesting Scandinavian capital located on the Oslo Fjord. The city is heavily forested and full of museums, parks, and a 700-year old fortress. An excursion to the Bygdøy Peninsula gives a visitor a close look at Viking and Norwegian explorers from ancient times and from the 20th century. If your Baltic or fjord cruise includes Oslo as a port of call, you are in for an interesting day ashore. Click on the links below to see and learn more about Oslo.

As we cruise up the Oslo Fjord, the small islands become more populated as we get closer to Oslo.

Cruising into Oslo you will see many small islands in the Steilene group such as this one in the Oslo Fjord.

The small cottage is used for art courses and other cultural activities. Can you imagine how cold it would be in the winter on this windswept isle? Earl, an American currently living in Oslo, sent me a photo of the cottage in winter after seeing this picture.

The hills surrounding Oslo are much like the one in this photo. If you are looking for high mountains and deeply cragged fjords, you will need to travel to western Norway near Bergen.

Leaving Oslo, looking down the Fjord.

M314 Alta at her museum berth in Oslo. She is beneath the Akershus Fortress. This building was started in the year 1299 as the King's residence.

Oslo Harbor

Wasp CV-18 in 1970's; in Oslo harbor

The Sauda class minesweepers were financed by the U.S. Government as part of the rearming of its European allies under the Military Assistance Program. M314 Alta served for a year in the U.S. Navy as AMS-104 and for 12 years thereafter in the Belgian Navy as BNS Arlon (M 915). She was taken over by the Royal Norwegian Navy in May 1966. Upon decommissioning in May 1996, after 30 years of service, she was turned over to the Alta Society (Fartoylaget KNM Alta).
The vessel is owned by the Armed Forces Museum in Oslo. The Alta Society is responsible for her maintenance and operation. The minesweeper is the only one of her kind left in Norway.

All minesweepers are named after Norwegian rivers. The Alta is one of the largest in northern Norway, well known after civil disobedience demonstrations a few years ago against plans for building an electric power station on the river. Their slogan, "Let Alta live" has become the Society's.

M314 Alta is fully operational. Her regularly scheduled sailings, up to ten per year, include hospitality visits and training. Every third year she is drydocked at the Norwegian Naval Base Haakonsvern near Bergen, a 360 nautical mile voyage. A jubiliee program is being planned for 2003 to celebrate M314 Alta's 50th birthday.

Blucher: German battleship sunk by Norwegian coastal defence in April 1940 in the Oslo fjord. Two shells from the 19th century guns Moses and Aron damaged the ship's steering. Then she was sunk by torpedoes. The sinking gave the Norwegian government precious time to prepare before the invasion. The 210 m long ship carried 1600 crewmen and 800 soldiers.

The majority survived. The wreck lies upside down, depth is about 90 m and trimix is needed for diving.

The narrows were protected by a system of defenses dominated by the Oscarsborg Fortress. In addition to the fortress the Narrows were defended by 280 mm. guns located at Drobak and Kaholm, See MAP at top of page; two small towns on the banks above the Narrows; Kaholm also maintained a land torpedo battery. Ignoring several signals from shore, the German column proceeded into the Narrows, whereupon the Norwegian guns opened fire at point blank range. The Blucher, leading the column, was hit several times by gunfire before the heavy cruiser was struck by two torpedoes fired from the Kaholm battery.

Within half an hour the Blucher had capsized (see photo at right) and sunk with heavy loss of life, and the remainder of the German column was forced to withdraw. The Weserubung timetable had been upset: Before the naval column could proceed north, the fortress system had to be taken by ground assault. This delay enabled the Norwegian government to escape north, taking Norway's gold reserves with them; the battle fought at the Narrows had gained the Allies valuable time.

Go to North Sea Page...............Map developed from data of