Radioman 2nd Class, Linn Sheckler Jr. had one job during the war in the Pacific that he did like to remember. Typing up and distributing the ships' news. After decoding radios messages from the states about baseball games or football games or gossip, he would re-type it, using the typewriter shown at right, in an organized manner, on to stencil.
The stencil was placed on to a mimeograph machine and printing began on the newspaper. See mimeograph at right.
One of the big reason Linn likes this job was that the papers had to be placed in locations around the ship so all could get a copy. The best stop was in the mess hall. There, on none chow times, it was possible to sample large quantities of food in the galley.
One sample of a paper is displayed below.
A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical or electronic device for making text documents on paper. It is now largely obsolete.A typewriter has a keyboard, with keys for the characters in its font. The method by which the typewriter actually marks the paper now varies as greatly as types of printers do, but until the end of the 20th century was by impact of a metal (or, later, metallized plastic) type element against an "inked" ribbon in front of the paper, the same way carbon paper worked.
A stencil is a letter, number, cartoon, typographical symbol, illustration, or any other shape or image in cut-out form (it can be cut out of paper, cardboard, metal or other material). Stencils are used to create sharp-edged paintings of the desired image, by applying paint on the surface with the cut-out, leaving a painting of that shape on the underlying surface.
For the mimeograph, It used (heavy) waxed paper . These were placed in a typewriter to create the original; the typewriter cutting through the paper.
|The stencil was wrapped around the drum of the
(manual or electrical) machine, which forced ink out through the cut marks on the stencil. The paper had a surface texture
(like bond paper), and the ink was black. It did not smell. You could use
special knives to cut stencils by hand, but you couldn't really hand-write on
them, because any loop would cut a hole, so you'd have a black blob. If you put
the stencil on the drum wrong-side-out, your copies came out mirror-images.
Here are the materials needed prepare a mimeograph stencil by using a typewriter:
A stylus is a hard-pointed, pen-shaped instrument used for marking on or "cutting" stencils.
A mimeograph machine is a mechanical duplicator that produces copies by pressing ink onto paper through openings cut in a stencil. Mimeograph machines have been largely replaced by more sophisticated technology, but many are still being used. They are becoming obsolete, however, because they are no longer being made. Parts will eventually be unavailable.
A mimeograph machine works as follows:
Definitions are from SIL International
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