TIENTSIN, China
An ADAIR APA-91  World War Two stopping point
 
Adair made one more round-trip voyage to the western Pacific in December 1945 and January 1946. She carried replacements to Guam where she replaced them with another draft of replacements bound for Tientsin, China. At Tientsin and Shanghai, she loaded her last group of returning veterans and headed home. The port for Tientsin was at Tanggu. Tanggu was named Taku in 1945. The trip to Tientsin was made by train. Follow another ship WWII tour, being in at nearly the same time. the USS Taluga AO-62.
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Adair  LIBERTY PHOTOS

From: Old Tientsin - Modern Tianjin
By the end of the 19th Century Tientsin was arguably the most important commercial city in North China. Long a head of navigation on the Grand Canal, Tientsin became the hub of a growing railway network that was expanding to connect distant parts of China. Tientsin was also a major international trading city with shipping connections to all parts of Asia.

See Taku Forts.


 

<>World War Two began in China July 7-8, 1937 with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident near Peking. As a result Japan invaded Northern China from its puppet state, Manchukou (Manchuria). Within a few short weeks Japan controlled most of Northern China. On July 29, Japanese air forces bombed and destroyed most of Nankai University to discourage anti Japanese elements, the students. Japanese forces occupied Tientsin July 30, 1937.

Following the end of World War II American forces landed in North China during September of 1945 to assist in repatriating Japanese forces and support the Nationalist government in reasserting its control of the nation in the face of anarchy and civil war. 
By the terms of the peace treaties ending World War II and other bi-lateral agreements between nations, all remaining foreign concessions had reverted to Chinese authority between 1943 and the end of 1946. 

Tientsin was occupied by the Red Army in January 1949. By late 1949 all foreign military forces had been removed from China. 

Most foreign civilians had also departed by this time because of the continuing civil war and the general disintegration of the Nationalist government. On October 1, 1949 the Peoples' Republic of China was proclaimed and China asserted its complete independence from foreign domination for the first time in almost a century.
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