Navy Gasoline tankers were
from 220 feet to 325 feet long.
Click the 8 hull types above
for links to AOG ship pages.
NAVSOURCE HISTORY Show
Gasoline Tankers were designed to replenish remote Navy stations and some warships in the fleet. They were able to carry aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and Navy special fuel oil. The Gasoline Tankers were also capable of carrying a limited quantity of light freight and provisions. They were generally much smaller than ordinary oilers, perhaps because they were designed with delivery to shore stations rather than task forces in mind.
AOG's were wide flat-bottomed vessels and tended to roll in almost any kind of sea, If it was not dead calm an AOG just rolled and rolled. Full or empty it did not make much difference. Often the ship rolled even if we were anchored in a harbor that was not to well protected from the wind and sea. It seemed there was no escape from rolling. A soon as the seas picked up a little bit walking became a chore. Crew members remember how their arms and shoulders ached from bouncing off the bulkheads as they made their way around the ship. Sleeping was often difficult because it was hard just to stay in their bunk and not roll out. Eating was next to impossible as you, your food and anything else that was loose slid back and forth. It seemed that you could never completely relax. You always had make sure you braced yourself.
Then there was the constant soaking. There was no way to travel the length of the ship below decks. To get around you always had to cross the open tank deck catwalk. That meant that even in port if you wanted to get forward or aft and it was raining you got wet. Underway in a heavy sea you had to time your dash across the tank deck so as not to get soaked by a crashing wave. In very bad weather a lifeline had to be rigged so you had something to hold on to while crossing the tank deck. Members of the Operations Dept. (their berthing and work areas were forward) lived on candy bars and soda pop during foul weather just so they could stay dry by not having to make the trip aft to the mess decks. Just for fun, would stand on the 01 deck out of the weather and make bets on who would get soaked the most coming across.
With a full load aboard the tank deck was only 30 to 36 inches above the waterline. In any kind of a sea even a slight roll would cause water to flood the main tank deck and run aft and crash into the bulkhead. It was learned quickly that fueling hoses and other gear had to be securely lashed down to keep it from being washed over the side. The catwalk was 8 feet above the main deck and spray from the water crashing about both sides of the tank deck would soak anyone trying to cross. From web page by author of “Avgas, Mogas & Jet Fuel”, by Paul Gryniewicz.
The T-1 tankers were small product carriers, designed to carry gasoline. Almost all of them went either to the U.S. Navy, as AOGs, or to Britain, for service in a similar role. Many of those under construction at the end of the war were sold immediately: a few can still be seen in the Far East, working in local distribution trades and as bunkering tankers.
Seven shipyards built 113 T-1s, led by East Coast Shipyards, in Bayonne NJ, which built 30, Cargill, in Savage MN, which built 18, Todd Houston (14), Barnes-Duluth (12), Todd Galveston (12), St. John's River (12), Jones Panama City (6), Todd Tacoma (5) and Lancaster Iron Works (4). shipbuilding.com Many of these T1's went straight to other countries.